1.         The Junior Staff Course is a 16-week course, which is broken into 2 Terms of 8 weeks each duration.



2.         The Junior Division of the Ghana Armed Forces Command and Staff College, as a regional centre of excellence, aims at enhancing the leadership, analytical and communication skills of junior level officers to perform command and staff functions, through research and active development of a broad understanding and knowledge of single, joint and combined operations as well as the management of lower aspects of defence, economic and geopolitical issues.

3.         The course objectives of the Junior Division are as follows:

  • To understand the techniques used in staff work.
  • To understand the structure, roles and functions of the Ghana Armed
  • Forces, and the organisation of some units.
  • To understand the rudiments of sub-unit level training, and be familiar with unit and formation level training.
  • To be familiar with some major aspects of domestic and international affairs and how these influence security, socio-economic and political stability.
  • To understand the relationship and application of command, leadership and management.
  • To understand the fundamental logistics process and its application during peace and war.
  • To develop the physical, social and spiritual qualities of junior officers.



4.         The fields of study for the course are as follows:

a.         Term 1.           Grounding and foundation work.

b.         Term 2.           Harnessing and consolidation of knowledge gained in Term



5.         Terms 1 and 2 involve other areas of studies, which will be specified in the guides.

6.         As part of the Environmental Studies Package students would have the opportunity to undertake a 3-5 day study tour of some selected districts in one particular region.   Students would be expected to make 45 mins presentations of their findings and submit written reports.



7.         The following methods of instructions will be used during the course.   Further details can be found in the Students’ Handbook.

  • Lecturers/Presentations  – To the whole course.
  •  Seminars – To the whole course, where guest speakers form the panel.   Students make contributions and ask questions.
  •  Syndicate Room Discussions (SRD) – Led by DS.   All Students will be expected to participate equally.   Sometimes, a student may be asked to lead or open the discussion on a particular question.
  • Map Exercises (MAPEXs) held indoors and films.
  • Visits.



8.         Professional ethics is of paramount importance to the College.   Work presented by students should be their own original work.  To do otherwise results in unfair advantage and is inconsistent with professional ethics and integrity.   Students found guilty of plagiarism in any form, will be subject to the full penalties for it. This could lead to your withdrawal from the course and further disciplinary action by Service/Organization Headquarters.



9.         To graduate from the College with the ‘jsc’ symbol, a student must meet the established standards set by the College.   These could be found in the College Standing Orders.   Students are advised to read this thoroughly.



10.       Feedback is important for all training and educational courses.  In the Junior Division, the Service Writing Form (SWF) ‘Q’ is used to get to know students’ reactions to each subject.   It also serves as a conduit for soliciting ideas for the general improvement of the various aspects of the package for each term.  You are encouraged to take an active part in this effort.



11.       Physical fitness is one of the important aspects of the course.  Two Battle Fitness Tests are conducted during the course: one in each term.   All students are required to pass these tests.   Physical training is programmed for Tuesday mornings while games are conducted on Thursday afternoons.



13.       These are at Appendices 1 – 2 to this Annex.


1.         Term 1 Summary.

2.         Term 2 Summary.




1.         Term 1 lasts for 8 weeks and is the foundation term.   The term is designed to help students develop oral and written analytical skills.

2.         There is a general knowledge quiz in the first week to ascertain students start state.



3.         The aim of the term is to ensure that students possess adequate knowledge of organisation, staff procedures, rules and conventions of Service Writing to enable them benefit fully from the course.   Attention is also focussed on Communication Skills, Intelligence and Joint & Combined Doctrine and Military Operations.



4.         The following subjects are covered during the term:


a.         Operational Staff Work.      Operational staff work is to assist students understand the responsibilities of Staff Officers and also improve upon their minor staff duties at unit and formation HQ levels.   Students will be introduced to the estimate process, do some graphical map marking and treat air, sea and road movement.

b.         Service Writing.        Service Writing is to assist students understand the rules and conventions of Service Writing and also improve on their writing skills.   Students will do a lot of tutorial service correspondence as well as record minutes and write briefs.

c.         Communication Skills.        Instructions in communication skills are meant to assist students understand the fundamentals of effective communications and also improve on their analytic reasoning skills.   Students will do a number of presentations individually or as a group during the period.

d.         Intelligence.  The principles of intelligence and the organisation of intelligence staffs are introduced in Term 1.   Students are also introduced to intelligence process and the techniques of Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB).

e.         Arms and Services.    The arms and services package is to assist students understand the organisation and roles of some of the arms and services of the Ghana Armed Forces.

f.          Joint and Combined Doctrine.      An introduction to the structure and status of doctrine and its place in modern military operations involving other services is covered during Term 1 of the course.

g.         Physical Training and Games.        There will be physical training early Tuesday mornings and games on Thursday afternoons.   Students are reminded that one Battle Fitness Test is conducted during the term and all are expected to pass this test.

h.         Environmental Studies.      This package comprises a series of lectures on the political structures in Ghana.   The package finishes with a 3 day tour of 3 selected districts in one region.   Students will be broken into 3 groups to conduct research into some areas and present their findings through a central presentation.   The whole group will also present a written report on the study tour.



5.         The draft provisional programme (yellow) will be issued to students on arrival.   A firm weekly programme (blue) is issued in preceding weeks throughout the term.   Term 1 will run for 8 weeks.

6.         A close study of the provisional programme will show how the various blocks of instructions are handled and the method of instruction applied.



7.         The term entails a great deal of reading.   A study of the following before joining the course will ensure a smooth take off.

a.         The Complete Plain Words                        :           Gowers. (This may be replaced)

b.         Read Better – Read Faster             :           Manya and Eric de Leeuw.

c.         Notes on Effective Writing.

d.         Listening is a 10 Part Skill.

e.         GAFCSC Service Writing Precis.

f.          GAFCSC Operational Staff Work Precis.


8.         Private study must be carefully planned.   The provisional programme for the course is issued well in advance so that students can foresee when a heavy schedule is likely to occur.   It is estimated that about 14 hours private study will be required each week, although the workload is not evenly distributed throughout the term.   The preparation of written work tends to increase the load.   The requirement for private study should be taken into account when recreation and social activities are being planned.   Syndicate room discussions (SRD) require extensive background reading and preparatory work.   Students are easily exposed when they come to class ill prepared. To ensure that students attend classes adequately prepared, quizzes are administered before each SRD.




1.         Term 2 seeks to harness and consolidate the knowledge gained in Term 1 through the study of Internal Security and Counter Insurgency, Peace Support Operations, Leadership and Administration and Geopolitics.

2.         The desired end state of the term is to develop a mind that is flexible, able to analyse and conceptualise, while, at the same time inculcating in the officers the capacity of working effectively and harmoniously with personnel from other Services and countries.      This guide therefore seeks to outline the stages and guidelines prescribed for the attainment of the course end state.    The duration of the term is 8 weeks.



3.         The following subjects are covered during the term:


a.         Service Writing.   Students will consolidate what has been taught in Term 1.   There are a number of Red Ink Corrections (RIC) and Routine Staff Work exercises during this term.   The Commandant and Assistant Commandant’s Research Papers are also submitted within the term.

b.         Communication Skills.        There are a number of student presentations    during the term.

c.         Joint and Combined Doctrine.      Students will complete the studies on the structure and status of doctrine started in Term

d.         Peace Support Operations.    This package seeks to expose students to the organisation and roles of the UN and various NGOs as well as the common process and procedures associated with Peace Support Operations.

e.         Internal Security and Counter Insurgency.    The aim here is to assist students understand the philosophy and tactics used in internal security (IS) and counter-insurgency (COIN) operations and also improve upon their staff abilities within an IS setting. Officers from sister security services will be joining the course during the IS/COIN phase. The package will end with an indoor Joint Mil/Sister Security Services telephone battle, EX OMBUDSMAN covering a 24-hour period.

f.          Logistics.       Students will be introduced to the modern concepts of Combat Service Support in war.

g.         Leadership and Administration.    This package aims at improving on students leadership and man-management qualities.   It is also aimed at acquainting you with some administrative procedures in the Ghana Armed Forces.   Students will be shown a series of films on some past commanders after which they will be expected to make presentations on some past commanders.

i.          Physical Training and Games.      Students are expected to actively participate in these as they did in the previous term.



4.         The methods of instruction will be the same as those used in Term 1.


5.         The pressure of work in Term 2 is not different from that in Term 1.   Students are advised to programme themselves properly in order to keep up with the pace.










                          21—————31  1————————————–30                                                        

Arrival       Term 1 – 40 Working Days

  1—–6           12———————-21     22——————————–31Study Tour             Term Break                  Term 2 Begins  40 Working Days 







1——————————-19                                               27—————————7       ————–14Term 2 (Contd)                                                                          IS/COIN Phase                  Graduation